Coordinated Sentences

a)  AND

ð  To suggest that one idea is chronologically sequential to another: “Tashonda sent in her applications and waited by the phone for a response.”

ð  To suggest that one clause is dependent upon another, conditionally (usually the first clause is an imperative): “Use your credit cards frequently and you’ll soon find yourself deep in debt.”

ð  To suggest that one idea is the result of another: “Christy heard the weather report and promptly boarded up her house.”

ð  To suggest a kind of “comment” on the first clause: “Chassy became addicted to gambling — and that surprised no one who knew her.”

b)  BUT

ð  To suggest a contrast that is unexpected in light of the first clause: “Topik lost a fortune in the stock market, but he still seems able to live quite comfortably.”

ð  To connect two ideas with the meaning of “with the exception of” (and then the second word takes over as subject): “Everybody but Goldenbreath is trying out for the team.”

c)  OR

ð  To suggest that only one possibility can be realized, excluding one or the other: “You can study hard for this exam or you can fail.”

ð  To suggest a restatement or “correction” of the first part of the sentence: “There are no rattlesnakes in this canyon, or so our guide tells us.”

ð  To suggest the inclusive combination of alternatives: “We can broil chicken on the grill tonight, or we can just eat leftovers

d)  YET

Yet functions sometimes as an adverb and has several meanings: in addition (“yet another cause of trouble” or “a simple yet noble woman”), even (“yet more expensive”), still (“he is yet a novice”), eventually (“they may yet win”), and so soon as now (“he’s not here yet”).

ð  Kunto plays basketball well, yet his favorite sport is badminton

ð  The visitors complained loudly about the heat, yet they continued to play golf every day

e)  FOR

The word FORis most often used as a preposition, of course, but it does serve, on rare occasions, as a coordinating conjunction. Some people regard the conjunction for as rather highfalutin and literary, and it does tend to add a bit of weightiness to the text

ð  Icha thought she had a good chance to get the job, for her father was on the company’s board of trustees

ð  Most of the visitors were happy just sitting around in the shade, for it had been a long, dusty journey on the train.

f)  SO

Be careful of the conjunction SO. Sometimes it can connect two independent clauses along with a comma, but sometimes it can’t. Where the word so means “as well” or “in addition,” most careful writers would use a semicolon between the two independent clauses.

ð  Soto is not the only Olympic athlete in his family, so are his brother, sister, and his Uncle Chet.

ð  Soto has always been nervous in large gatherings, so it is no surprise that he avoids crowds of his adoring fans

ð  So, the sheriff peremptorily removed the child from the custody of his parents

g)  NOR

The conjunction NOR is not extinct, but it is not used nearly as often as the other conjunctions, so it might feel a bit odd when nor does come up in conversation or writing.

ð  Lytta is neither sane nor brilliant.

ð  That is not what I meant to say, nor should you interpret my statement as an admission of guilt.

ð  That is neither what I said nor what I meant.



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